It is the arrival of the month of Ramadan and Muslims all over the world are busy in preparations to welcome the auspicious period. It has been over hundreds and hundreds of years that Muslims have been observing Ramadan and its rituals and with each passing year, the interest and devotion of Muslims increases manifold and it is a sight to behold all over the world. Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and it is one of the most prominent identities of Muslims all over the world. Muslims practice fasting, self-control, tolerance, humility, patience, starvation and thirst, not only of the body but also of all negative thoughts and actions. Each year, Ramadan forms the bedrock for Muslims all over the world to build upon their positive and harmonious conduct of the next year.
Importance of Ramadan:
The significance of Ramadan cannot be stressed upon sufficiently if one looks at the Islamic history. It is the most auspicious and rewarding (in terms of deeds) months for Muslims and Muslims wait round the year just to welcome and enjoy this month. Ramadan is also significant for Muslims because a number of very important decisions and revelations were brought upon the Muslim Ummah (Muslim community) in the month of Ramadan. Some of the events which changed the Islamic history and took place in Ramadan are as follows:
- Conquest of Makkah
- Revelation of the Holy Quran on the Night of Power, Laylat al-Qadr
- Battle of Badr
- Zakat and its imposition
- Hazrat Khadija R.A embraced Islam
- Hazrat Ayesha R.A passed away
- Hazrat Ali R.A’s embraced martyrdom
Rewarding Deeds in Ramazan:
- Recitation of Holy Quran:
As Ramadan is one of the most important months of the Islamic calendar, the deeds done in the month have more weightage (Ajar-reward) than if the same deeds are done in any other month. If reciting the Quran rewards you, then reciting the Quran in the month of Ramadan multiplies the reward/ Ajar manifold. As per one report, Hazrat Jibraeel A.S used to come to the Prophet SAW every night in Ramadan and recite holy Quran with him.
Recitation of each letter of Quran renders ten rewards. As per one Hadees, Prophet SAW said:
”Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah will receive a hasanah (good deed) from it (i.e. his recitation), and the hasanah is multiplied by ten. I do not say that Alif-Laam-Meem is (considered as) a letter, rather Alif is a letter, Laam is a letter, and Meem is a letter.”
- Rewards of Laylat al-Qadr:
The night is the most important night of the month and can be one of all odd nights during the last Ashra (10 days) of Ramadan. As per some reports, Lyala-tul-Qadr is the 27th night of the month of Ramadan. Remembrances of Allah, recitation of Holy Quran, and supplications during this night have a reward which is far greater than other rewards.
- Each letter of the Qur’an on Layla-tul-Qadr equals 300,000 Good deeds.
- The Night of Power is better than 1000 months, which is over 83 years. Therefore any act of worship during this night is rewarded to worship equal to over 83 years.
- If tonight is Layla-tul-Qadr then every letter of the Quran recited is worth over 300,000 good deeds.
- Nikah in Ramadan:
Being an auspicious and sacred month, Nikah (marriage) taking place in this month is blessed; the spouses are not only bound by the knot of matrimony but also feel it their duty to sustain the sacred bond having bound them in this month. More and more blessings fall from heavens during Ramadan and people tying the knot in this month would receive more blessings from heaven than if done in any other month. Other than Ramadan, it is advisable to have your Nikah in the sacred months of Rabi-ul-Awal and Shaawal.
As is Allah, the most generous, so does He advise His creation to be full of generosity. One of the most important deeds to be carried out during Ramadan is charity/ Sadqa. A faithful Muslim is never tight-fisted and is always ready to take out from his own expenses and help the people in need around him. Charity is not only Sadqa but gives rewards and removes sins. The prophet SAW said,
“والصدقة تطفىء الخطيئة كما تطفىء الماء النار”
“Giving alms can erase sins just like water ceases fire.”
Itikaf is retreating into isolation and immersing oneself in complete Zikr and obedience to Allah. Observing Itikaf is one of the most rewarding deeds to be done in Ramadan and if observed during this month, carries double the reward. The Prophet SAW said,
“He who observes the ten days Itikaf during Ramadan will obtain the reward of two Hajj and two Umrah.”